The Amber style is considered somewhat richer than pale ale, and is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) as its own style (10-B). Ambers can have moderate to high hop flavor, but the hops should not be dominant. American hops are most often use which can result in a somewhat citrusy flavor. Malt sweetness and a caramel flavor are desirable, but Amber should not have the roasted character of a brown ale. Few esters and no dicetyl is desirable.
Stronger versions may have some alcohol warmth, but the finish should be smooth. Medium to full body for the beer is normal, with moderate to high carbonation. The BJCP specifies an original gravity of 1.045-1.060 and final gravity of 1.010-1.015 giving 4.5-6.2% alcohol by volume.
Bitterness is between 25-40 IBUs, giving an average bitterness ratio of 0.619 BU/GU which places amber ales slightly on the malty side as far as overall balance. Color is amber to copper brown, with an SRM of 10-17, though some mass produced ambers run at the low end of the color range.
Ambers are moderate to highly carbonated – and typically have good head retention.
Brewing an Amber Ale
Amber Ale is traditionally made with American two row pale malt as the base, making up 60-85% of the grain bill. Medium to dark crystal malts are used to provide color and caramel flavor, typically making up 10-20% of the grain bill. Small amounts of other specialty grains such as a tiny amount of roast malt (for red color versions), aromatic malt, carafoam, munich or victory malts may be used to add unique character to the brew.
There is no fixed water profile associated with Amber ale, so a variety of waters can be used. However, as the water does not add significantly to the flavor for this style, a moderate water profile (not too high in sulfates or carbonates) is desirable.
American hops are traditionally used, with citrus varieties such as centennial being popular. Like pale ale, it is not unusual to use multiple hop additions during the boil as well as a moderate amount of fresh dry hops to provide some hoppy aroma, though overall the beer should be well balanced, with the balance slightly to the malty side.
As a full body Amber is desirable, one generally uses a full bodied single step infusion mash with the conversion step at 156-158F for approximately 45 minutes to an hour. Since the beer is generally 100% barley malt, no special techniques are needed.
Most amber ales are fermented with American ale yeast, which provides a fairly clean finish with high attenuation. Some of the more robust and rich Ambers may also feature use of lighter English ale yeasts that can contribute low to moderate esters and complexity to the beer without unbalancing it. Ambers are fermented and aged at normal ale temperatures (64-68F), and should be bottled or kegged with moderate to medium-high carbonation.
Amber Ale Recipes
Here are a few Amber Ales from our BeerSmith recipe archive:
- Awesome Amber – Extract
- Max’s Last Call – All Grain
- No Sense of Decency Amber – Partial Mash
- Oatmeal Amber – Extract
- Full Sail Ale? – Extract
- Libertyish Cascade – Extract